The Prefecture of Rethymno, with its capital, the picturesque Rethymnon, is located in Crete, between Chania and Heraklion. On the north it is bordered by the Cretan Sea, while on the south by the Libyan Sea.

The territory of the area is to 2/3 mountainous with main mountain the Mount Idi or else Psiloritis. According to the archaeological finds, the first appearance of the man in the area of the prefecture is revealed in the Neolithic years in 3500 BC. In the Minoan years, from 2800 BC to 1100 BC, human activity spreads throughout the prefecture. But the period of the commercial and cultural peak is ending suddenly during the period of the mythical king Minos, probably due to the devastating eruption of the volcano of Santorini and its consequences.

The prefecture of Rethymno has many interesting places to visit, such as the monastery of Arkadi, which is a monument of the national liberation struggle of Crete against the Ottoman Turks. One can also admire the Venetian fortress, Fortezza, which is built on the hill of Paleokastro, located in the west of the city of Rethymno.

The economy of the region is based, beyond tourism, on the agriculture and mainly on the production of olive oil, due to the very fertile lowlands. The olive groves are considered to be the most extensive and efficient not only in the in the narrow borders of Greece but in the whole Mediterranean. The cultivated areas are also allocated for cereals, edible legumes, industrial plants, fodder plants, potatoes and vegetables.

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