Messenia and its capital, the historic Kalamata, is located in the southeastern Peloponnese. It is bounded on the north by the river Neda and the Arcadian banks, on the east by Taygetos, and on the west and south is submerged by the Ionian Sea and the Messenian Gulf, respectively.
Messenia was a residential area because of its fertile plain since the prehistoric times, as there are finds from the Neolithic age.
In Pylos one can find the remnants of the Mycenaean palace of Nestor, the mythical hero and partner of Odysseus in the Trojan war.
The Dorian invasion in the 12th century BC brought an end to the Mycenaean civilization. Ιn the 8th century three great wars between Messenians and Spartans began, for the rich and fruitful lands of the Messenians. The wars lasted until the middle of the 5th century.
The visitor can admire the ruins of the ancient town of Messene, the Nestor’s palace as well as the Venetian castles of Methoni and Koroni, while he can taste excellent local products such as figs, raisins, wine, olives and virgin olive oil.